India’s legal ecosystem has evolved steadily over the last many decades, bringing forth social, economic, criminal and commercial matters that demanded fair hearing, deliberation and result. The concept of “natural justice” or rule against bias can be deemed as one of the foundational elements of the global justice systems.
The Indian constitution does not have the phrase “principle of natural justice”’, however its ingredients are deeply embedded in Article 14 and 21 of the same. Here, Article 14 ensures equality before the law and equal protection of law to all citizens, while, Article 21 guarantees right to life and liberty. Any violation of a citizen’s fundamental rights comes under Articles 32, 226, and 136, which also comprises “principles of natural justice”.
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